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Australia-Singapore Military Training Initiative

Establishing Defence Training Areas

Defence will take a number of steps to establish the military training areas in Central and North Queensland. Some of these steps are dependent on others and some are happening in parallel.

Before the training areas can be used, Defence will take the following steps to establish a military training area:

Training and sustainment circular diagram showing ongoing community and industry consultation and land acquisition, transitional licences, environmental studies, land use agreements, land tenure, training area planning and construction segments

Consult with community and industry

Defence places a strong priority on community and industry consultation, and continues to engage with local communities in Central and North Queensland while establishing the training areas.

Visit the Community Engagement page to learn more about ASMTI’s engagement with community and industry.

Acquire land

To enhance the utility of the training area in Central Queensland, its footprint may continue to change as opportunities arise with willing sellers who may wish to engage with Defence.

Acquisition of land under the ASMTI in North Queensland is complete.

Manage transitional licence arrangements

Defence has offered post-purchase licences to former property owners to allow them sufficient time to relocate from the land before military use of the training areas.

Conduct environment and heritage studies

Defence strives to protect biodiversity and heritage values when establishing and using training areas, and is undertaking environment and heritage studies to inform its land management plans in Central and North Queensland.

For more information about Defence’s environmental management, visit the Managing Defence Training Areas webpage.

Indigenous Land Use Agreements (ILUA)

The expansion and development of training areas under the ASMTI required the negotiation of Indigenous Land Use Agreements in accordance with the Native Title Act 1993.

In April 2019 Defence signed an ILUA with Darumbal Traditional Owners of Shoalwater Bay Training Area. The ILUA with Darumbal was registered with the Native Title Tribunal in June 2019.

In November/December 2020, Defence signed ILUAs with Gudjala, Gugu Badhun and Ewamian Traditional Owners of the Greenvale Training Area. The ILUAs were subsequently registered with the National Native Title Tribunal in May 2021.

Establish land tenure appropriate for Defence use

Establishing the training areas and their use by Defence relies upon the transfer of state-owned interests within the training area footprint to the Commonwealth.

Examples include easements and unallocated state land.

Defence has been working with the Queensland State Government Department of Resources and is close to finalising the transfer of their land interests at Shoalwater Bay Training Area and Greenvale Training Area.

For Shoalwater Bay Training Area, Queensland Government granted Defence a new perpetual lease for Defence purposes over land subject to Native Title on 29 June 2020. This lease was provided for under Defence’s ILUA with the Darumbal people.

For Greenvale Training Area, Queensland Government granted Defence a new perpetual lease for Defence purposes over land subject to Native Title on 17 June 2021. This lease was provided for under Defence’s ILUAs with the Gudjala, Gugu Badhun and Ewamian Traditional Owners.

Design training areas

Shoalwater Bay Training Area

Defence’s Managing Contractor for Shoalwater Bay Training Area completed the detailed design in 2020.

Greenvale Training Area

Managing Contractor, CPB Contractors Pty Ltd (CPB), are completing the design of the Greenvale Training Area, expected to be completed in 2022.

Visit the Business Opportunities webpage to learn more about opportunities for local business during the planning and design of the training areas.

Build training area infrastructure and facilities

Shoalwater Bay Training Area

Infrastructure and facilities are being delivered by Laing O’Rourke as Managing Contractor. Laing O’Rourke have approached the market for major works subcontractors to construct new facilities and civil infrastructure, including vehicle parking and wash facilities, field explosive ordnance storage, live fire structures, mechanical services, waste management, camp accommodation and field medical facilities.

Greenvale Training Area

Following the completion of the planning phase and completion of additional land due diligence activities, major infrastructure and facilities works will commence.

Visit the Business Opportunities webpage to learn more about opportunities for local business during construction of the training areas.