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Export Controls on Mining and Exploration Equipment

Exports of the types of goods and services listed below may require approval to comply with the Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations 1958, the Weapons of Mass Destruction (Prevention of Proliferation) Act 1995, or Sanctions Regulations.

What goods are regulated by the Defence and Strategic Goods List?

The Defence and Strategic Goods List (DSGL) contains the complete list of goods and technologies that are regulated for export under Regulation 13E of the Customs (Prohibited Export) Regulations 1958.

Note: You must obtain permission prior to exporting goods listed in the DSGL.

The DSGL contains two parts. Part 1 covers Defence and related goods and technologies – items designed or adapted for use by armed forces or goods that are inherently lethal. It includes non-military firearms and ammunition, and commercial explosives and initiators.

Part 2 covers dual-use goods and technologies – items developed to meet commercial needs but which may be used either as military components, or in the development or production of military systems, or weapons of mass destruction (WMD).

What types of goods and services are controlled by the WMD Act?

The Weapons of Mass Destruction (Prevention of Proliferation) Act 1995 (the WMD Act) can permit or prohibit the export or supply of otherwise non-controlled goods and services that could contribute to a WMD program. It is important to note that the WMD Act does not contain a list of goods and services which may be controlled. Further information on the WMD Act can be found on the Weapons of Mass Destruction (Prevention of Proliferation) Act 1995 page.

What can I do to ensure goods or services are not contributing to a WMD program?

Not all buyers approach Australian industries with a legitimate commercial purpose. Illicit WMD programs and proliferation of conventional arms pose significant threats to the safety of all Australians, and to regional and global security. It is in Australia's interest to ensure would-be proliferators are denied access to goods and services.

We have developed questionnaires and checklists for your clients and you, which help to assess if a transaction may be controlled.

Australian industry can help prevent the proliferation of WMD and conventional weapons by reporting all suspicious approaches to us. More information on how to report suspicious approaches is available on the Reporting Suspicious Approaches page.

You should contact us when you have concerns about possibly contributing to a WMD program.

How do I get permission to export goods and technologies that may be controlled?

You should submit an Application to Export Controlled Goods and Technology form to us if you intend to export and believe your goods and technology are controlled. If you are unsure about the control status of the goods or technology to be exported, you may also submit an Application to Export Controlled Goods and Technology form to ask us to establish their control status.

Further information on theses proccess is available on the Apply for a licence or permission to export controlled goods or technology page and Understand the status of goods and technology page.

Strengthening Export Controls

Australia has strengthened export controls by bringing legislation into line with international standards. During a two-year transition period, Defence worked with stakeholders to address concerns with the Defence Trade Controls Act 2012, and as a result, amendments to the Act were adopted through the Defence Trade Controls Amendment Act 2015.

The Defence Trade Controls Amendment Act 2015, which received Royal Assent on 2 April 2015, expands the existing defence exports control regime to cover:

  • the intangible supply and publication of DSGL technology
  • brokering of DSGL goods and technology

The offence provisions of the Act, for supplying and publishing DSGL technology and for brokering DSGL goods and technology, came into force on 2 April 2016. They will not be applied retrospectively.

Further information on the new controls is available on the Supply, Publication and Brokering pages on this website.

What about Sanctions?

Sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security Council, as well as by the Australian Government, place restrictions on the supply, sale or transfer of a range of goods on the DSGL , as well as a number of additional military and WMD dual-use goods, to certain countries.  Sanctions also impose restrictions on commercial dealings with designated companies in certain countries, including some involved in the extractive industries sector.

Australian laws giving effect to United Nations Security Council or autonomous sanctions are administered by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).  Information concerning these laws may be found on DFAT 's website.

Further information on sanctions is also available on the Sanctions page.

Are there penalties for exporting goods without permission?

Export control legislation contains offences for the unlawful export or supply of controlled goods and services. We are committed to ensuring that exporters are aware of the legislative requirements that apply, as non-compliance can lead to significant penalties.

Further information on the penalties associated with unlawful export of controlled goods, services and technology is available on the Penalties page.

Where can I get more information?

If you are unsure if your goods, technologiy or services are controlled for export, you should seek advice from us. More information on the export controls administered by DEC is available throughout this website.

List of items and services, commonly used in the mining and exploration industry, which may be regulated or subject to export control under Regulation 13E, the WMD Act or Sanctions laws.

Explosives (energetic materials)
DSGL : Items ML8, ML908, 1C011, 1C111 and 1C239
Sanctions: Depending upon destination

  • Demolition - charges
  • Demolition - devices
  • Demolition - kits

Survey Equipment
DSGL : Items 3A231, 6A006, 6A007, 7A003 and 9A012
Sanctions: Depending upon destination

  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
  • Pulsed neutron generators
  • Gravity meters
  • Magnetometers
  • Radiation detection equipment
  • Inertial navigation systems

Underwater Survey Equipment
DSGL : Items 6A001, 8A001 and 8A002
Sanctions: Depending upon destination

  • Wide-swath bathymetric survey systems designed for sea bed topographic mapping
  • Manned and unmanned submersible vehicles capable of exceeding 1000m depth
  • Hydrofoil vessels with active systems for automatically controlling foil systems
  • Small waterplane area vessels
  • Systems specially designed or modified for the automated control of the motion of submersible vehicles
  • "Robots" specially designed for underwater use
  • Underwater vision systems; with night vision or thermal capabilities
  • Air independent power systems, specially designed for underwater use

Ore Processing Equipment
DSGL : Items 2B226, 3A226 and 3A227
Sanctions: Depending upon destination
WMD : Depending upon destination and end user

  • Radiometric ore sorters (On-line belt analysers)
  • Prompt gamma neutron activation analysers (PGNAA)
  • High voltage direct current power supplies capable of continuously producing 10 kV or more over a period of 8 hours, with output power of 5 kW or more with or without sweeping; and with current or voltage stability better than 0.1% over a period of 4 hours
  • Controlled atmosphere (vacuum or inert gas) induction furnaces, and power supplies

DSGL : Item 3A233
Sanctions: Depending upon destination

  • Mass Spectrometers: Inductively coupled plasma (ICPMS), glow discharge (GDMS), molecular beam
  • Optical Spectrometers: Visible light, infrared, ultraviolet (UV), atomic absorption (AA), optical emission (OE), Raman  and X-ray fluorescence (XRF)

Chemical Processing Equipment
DSGL : Item 2B350
Sanctions: Depending upon destination
WMD : Depending upon destination and end user

  • Valves
  • Storage tanks
  • Reaction vessels or reactors
  • Agitators
  • Containers
  • Receivers
  • Heat exchangers
  • Condensors
  • Distillation or absorption columns
  • Multi-walled piping
  • Multiple seal or seal-less pumps (including pump bodies, liners, rotors, nozzles) made from corrosion resistant alloys; fluoropolymer; glass; graphite or 'carbon graphite'

DSGL : Items ML7, 0COO3, 1C350 and 1C405
Sanctions: Depending upon destination

WMD : Depending upon destination and end user

Professional Services
Sanctions: Depending upon destination
WMD : Depending upon destination and end user

  • Engineering
  • Architectural
  • Resource evaluation
  • Mining geotechnics
  • Hydrogeology
  • Metallurgy
  • Business improvement services
  • Working as a consultant or adviser
  • Providing training
  • Providing technological information or know-how
  • Procuring another to supply or export goods
  • Provide services that will or may assist in a WMD program
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