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Australia’s export controls regulate the transfer overseas of defence and strategic goods and technologies, including both military and commercial, dual-use, items. Compliance with Australia’s export control system helps ensure these transfers are in line with Australia’s national interest and international obligations.

Defence Export Controls (DEC) administers Australian export control legislation and is responsible for monitoring and promoting compliance with these pieces of legislation. DEC works with individuals, organisations and companies to help them meet their obligations under Australia’s export control legislation.

The purpose of this section is to explain DEC’s approach to fostering compliance with Australian export controls. It outlines our objectives, our compliance activities and how we address cases of non-compliance.

A specific focus is on compliance with the Defence Trade Controls Act 2012 (the DTC Act). This legislation strengthened Australia’s export controls by regulating the supply, publication and brokering of defence and strategic goods and technologies. It also implemented the Australia-US Defence Trade Cooperation Treaty (the Treaty), which facilitates exports within an Approved Community of Australian and US members without the need for an export licence.

Administration of compliance with the Customs Act 1901 and the Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations 1958 remains the responsibility of the Department of Immigration and Border Protection.

Further information is available on: