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Defence Estate Quality Management System (DEQMS) Davis Langdon Certification Services



Estate Upkeep

Legislation and Policy - Emergency Evacuation Diagrams

This page provides the process for development of emergency evacuation diagrams for occupied facilities across the Defence estate.

For roles and responsibilities on base emergency management please refer to the Security and Emergency Management Planning Governance Handbook.

Defence governance surrounding the management of emergencies is backed by the  Work Health & Safety Act (2011) and Australian Standard 3745 - 2010

Responsibility for base-wide evacuation preparedness rests with the systems designed, documented and practiced by the Emergency Control Organisation (ECO). Notwithstanding the ECO, Resident Unit (RU) areas are responsible for emergency planning within their workplace.

Central to every effective emergency plan is a suitable evacuation diagram which helps to create awareness among facility occupants of safe egress points, travel routes and assembly areas associated with a building or group of buildings. Responsibility for maintaining emergency diagrams (or maps) rests with the RU who should also liaise with Base Support to de-conflict safe evacuation routes and location of assembly areas.

Minimum features of evacuation diagrams as specified in Australian Standards (3745) include:

a. A pictorial representation of the floor or area;

    (1) Excluding external elements such as fences, roads, landscaping, external buildings, etc. unless part of the exit pathway;

    (2) For facilities with larger floor areas such as hospitals, tunnels, large office floors, warehouses, universities, shopping centers, etc., the pictorial representation should be prepared in sections or areas so that no more than two exits are shown on each pictorial representation.


c. The ‘YOU ARE HERE’ location.

d. The designated exits in the facility, which shall be green.

e. The following communications equipment, where installed;

    (1) Warden intercommunication points (WIPs), which shall be red.

    (2) Manual call points (MCPs), which shall be red and emergency call points (ECPs), which shall be colored white, or have a black border.

    (3) Main controls/panels for the occupant warning equipment.

f. Hose reels, which shall be red

g. ‘Text deleted’

h. Extinguishers, which shall be red with an additional appropriate colour as specified in AS/NZS 1841.1.

i. Fire blankets, which shall be coloured red.

j. Fire indicator panel (FIP), if provided.

k. Refuges, if present.

l. Validity date.

m. Location of assembly area(s), either stated in words or pictorially represented.

n. A legend, which shall reflect the symbols used

Optional Elements include but are not limited to:

a. Direction of opening of doors on designated exits.

b. North.

c. First aid stations and kits (denoted by a white cross on a green background).

d. Hazardous chemical store.

e. Spill response kits.

f. Emergency information as documented in the emergency plan.

    (1) For example, emergency telephone numbers, emergency response procedures, fire orders, and procedures for use of lifts in an evacuation ensuring a fire emergency (where regulatory approval has been obtained).

g. Paths of travel, coloured green.

h. Specialized evacuation devices, including stairwell evacuation devices, if provided.

i. Fire and smoke doors.

j. Hydrants, which shall be red.

The development of an evacuation diagram can occur in two ways: an existing diagram can be reviewed, modified and re-published by the RU or a new diagram can be created. The method each RU chooses to generate a suitable diagram is not defined. However important elements as listed above need to be considered for the diagram to make it effective.

Resident Units are able to log a Service Request via Base Services Support Centres (Ph: 1300 658 975) for the EMOS to provide assistance in developing evacuation diagrams. The EMOS can  confirm adequacy of diagrams with regard to estate and facility hazards including but not limited to:

a. plant rooms

b. dangerous goods / hazardous chemicals stores

c. electrical sub-stations

d. hydrants and power generation equipment

On request, the EMOS can also develop diagrams for RUs. Once the RU is satisfied with the diagram EMOS will design and publish it before providing an editable electronic version. The RU can then store the diagram locally making any changes the ECO deem necessary over the lifecycle of the document. A master copy of the original diagram will be retained by the EMOS in Objective.

Where a RU requires location specific, all weather or UV resistant diagrams, specification needs to be made in the original service request.

The flow chart below illustrates the procedure if engaging EMOS for this type of activity.

Evacuation Diagram Process

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